[分享]卡恩建筑 | 苍茫大地上的回忆之洲

发表于2018-11-29     619人浏览     1人跟帖     总热度:146  


KAAN Architecten has designed the new Crematorium Siesegem on the outskirts of Aalst (Belgium), as an entry for an international competition that the Dutch firm won in 2012. The building is a comforting sequence of spaces in symbiotic relationship with its tranquil surroundings.

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殡仪馆与公园周边的树丛融为一体  ©Sebastian van Damme

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殡仪馆外观 ©Sebastian van Damme

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©Simone Bossi

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建筑外观 ©Sebastian van Damme

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入口立面 ©Sebastian van Damme

殡仪馆坐落在毗邻比利时城市的西环路附近肥沃的土地上,占地面积为74×74平方米,与景观建筑师Erik Dhont设计的公园周边的树丛融为一体。在到达位于蓝山街的入口之前,静谧弥漫,访问者在起伏的绿岗中逐渐慢下脚步。在北隅,毗邻的小丘是专用于散落骨灰的场地并连接通向墓园的道路,池塘作为雨水储蓄之用。在东边的尽头,一条服务于灵车的辅道完全隐藏于人们的视线:逝者家人的晨间仪式不会被打扰,隐私将得到应有的尊重。

Located in the countryside bordering the western ring road of the Belgian city, the crematorium, with its 74 x 74 metre footprint, merges with trees and shrubs that line the perimeter of the surrounding park, which was conceived by landscape architect Erik Dhont. Approaching the entrance at Blauwenbergstraat, a sense of calm pervades the site and upon arrival, visitors are subtly persuaded to slow down by the undulating gentle green mounds. To the north, a pond serves as a reservoir for rainwater, while small adjacent hills are dedicated to scattered ashes and to an urn garden. At the eastern end, there is a service road for the hearses that is entirely hidden from view so that families are not disturbed during the mourning ceremony, and so that privacy is respected.

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庭院 ©Sebastian van Damme

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从嘈杂的室外到清净的室内 ©Simone Bossi


Architecture accompanies the transition from a busy outside world into a metaphorical and physical interior imbued with calm and restraint. The south-western corner of the building opens onto a patio and serves as a transitional zone, welcoming visitors and leading them towards the indoor spaces. As crematoria are typically characterized by complex logistics, KAAN Architecten has designed a building that is self-explanatory and feels natural to use.

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一个清晰易读的空间和路线 ©Sebastian van Damme

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配合充足温暖的日光,6.4米的天花板高度烘托出浩大内部空间 ©Simone Bossi

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室外区域洒下阳光、绿意盎然 ©Simone Bossi

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接待厅  ©Simone Bossi

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咖啡厅 ©Sebastian van Damme


Upon entering the crematorium, a sequence of spaces shapes the visitor’s physical experience, preventing spatial confusion. At 6.4 metres tall, the remarkable floor-to-ceiling height of the interior enhances the sense of vastness, paired by the warm abundance of daylight. A large concrete canopy stretches into a generously proportioned hall from which the reception desk is immediately visible. The reception hall is infused with light by two large windows overlooking a landscaped garden, and houses a discreet passageway to the cafeteria, which features a large-scale painting by Belgian artist Rinus Van de Velde.

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走廊 ©Simone Bossi

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礼堂 ©Simone Bossi


Crematorium Siesegem encompasses two ceremonial assembly halls. The largest has generous dimensions, with seating for 600 people. KAAN Architecten was involved in the overall design, including the furnishings, and in particular the benches: elegantly shaped seating with leather upholstery in yellow-beige colour, a recurrent hue for the Crematorium spaces, chosen for its gentle texture and direct reference to sand and dust. The back surface is glazed and looks out onto a patio, directly connecting the building to the surrounding landscape. Both assembly spaces have a family room and a place for condolences; beside them, an outdoor area with greenery links nature to daylight and offers a counterweight to the intensity and spirituality experienced by the bereaved.

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室内细部 ©Simone Bossi

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建筑的背面由玻璃覆盖 ©Sebastian van Damme

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米黄色皮革座椅呼应殡仪馆的整体空间 ©Simone Bossi

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大理石墙面细部 ©Simone Bossi

材料的选择和细节的把控对达到平和的心境是至关重要的。室外,卡恩建筑选择采用生混凝土的材料韵律。室内,哑光的墙壁带有渲染的纹理。天花板覆盖粗糙的喷涂表面以确保安静 – 也是此类建筑的重要特征之一。橡木拼花地板用于家庭室和咖啡厅。

The choice of materials and the detailing are paramount to achieving a placid mood. For the exterior, KAAN Architecten chose the rhythm of béton brut. For the interior, the walls are matt and have a textured render, while the ceiling has a rough sprayed finish to ensure muted acoustics – a fundamental feature of such a building. Oak parquet floors have been chosen for the family rooms and the cafeteria.

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家庭室铺设以橡木拼花地板 ©Simone Bossi

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所有的空间都传递着此建筑的精髓,在此Ceppo di Gré大理石起到了至关重要的作用。建筑师运用锯成2.4 x1米的石料组合成了循环构成纹样,地板和墙面也做了相同的处理。相同的大理石材料也用在长门厅的前台桌,吧台,讲台,灵柩台和庭院墙的墙裙上。

All the spaces express the essence of the architecture, and Ceppo di Gré marble plays a vital role. After sawing the stone blocks into 2.4 x 1 metre plates, the architects arranged a composition that results in a visually coherent pattern. Floors and walls have been treated in the same way. Identical marble was used for the reception desk in the long foyer, the bar, the lectern, the catafalque and the high skirting of the courtyard walls.

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In Belgium, crematoria traditionally have a more complex programme that other countries. They are spaces for gathering, enjoying a meal and reconnecting with relatives and friends. The client’s significant experience and dialogue were crucial to the project. KAAN Architecten designed legible spaces and easily readable routing to reduce signage to a minimum. Visitors should never feel lost, and architecture goes beyond being a mere background, to offer spatial guidance. The interior speaks to visitors and appeals to their emotions: it instils calmness and the sequence of spaces enhances reflection.

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哑光的墙壁带有渲染的纹理 ©Simone Bossi

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Next to the ceremony spaces, the technical aspects of the building are also a fundamental part of the design. The architects endeavour to disclose, rather than hide the cremation process, creating an unusual yet effective polarity between the mechanics and the serenity. The soft sandy yellow colour of the furniture is echoed by the ovens and the chimney that stretches up through a glazed opening in the roof. A sense of dignity and intimacy infuses the building.

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©Sebastian van Damme

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烟囱细部 ©Simone Bossi


The Crematorium Siesegem is an ode to verticality, while being horizontal and pure in its geometry and balanced proportions. Its calm, easily readable environment and tranquil landscape merge together to emanate genuine serenity. Without succumbing to pompous monumentalism, the building and its surrounding grounds are a peaceful oasis for reminiscence.

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简洁的建筑环境和宁静的大地景观互相交融 ©Simone Bossi

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 发表于2018-11-29   |  只看该作者      



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