北京北大附中本校及朝阳未来学校景观

发表于2019-07-11    2782人浏览    1人跟帖    复制链接  只看楼主

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项目名称:北京北大附中本校及朝阳未来学校景观
位置:北京
设计公司:Crossboundaries
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回想少年时光,多少人记忆当中最难忘的经历、最精彩的一瞬、最知心的对话,都发生在校园里的某个角落。去年,Crossboundaries在为北大附中本校、及其朝阳未来学校分校改造校园景观的过程中,重温了校园的青春飞扬,也重新思考了它对教育的意义。众所周知,如今,在很多创新教学空间,自由布局的教室和走廊正成为“标配”,其背后的理念是将对空间的支配权更多地还给学习者,激发他们的主动性。那么校园呢?作为全校师生通行、活动、驻留的综合场所,校园丰富的层次更加接近真实社会,也就比很多功能空间蕴含更多跨界、多元的教育和交流机会。所以,校园同样——甚至是更需要一个宽松、友善的语境,让孩子们在一生当中最富生机、充满可能的年华,有机会在这座“舞台”上反复彩排自己的人生未来。

于是在此次两校改造过程中,我们确定的设计原则是,围绕学生的真实需求和体验,将传统高度分割而封闭的“刻板空间”,化解成更加开放而连续的“自由空间”。在国内略有些年头的校园或单位大院里,总能见到主配楼、运动场、绿化区等功能区规矩排布,其间以车行干道串连的空间格局。始建于上世纪60年代初的北大附中本校也不例外。半个多世纪以来,其校园面貌虽几经更迭,仍保留了很多历史的痕迹。时值今日,北大附中提出“以学生为中心”的全新教育理念,鼓励学生释放天性、自主决策。校方继2016年委托Crossboundaries对其教学空间、体育馆和艺术中心进行改造后,又计划调整这座老校园核心区的景观。

我们发现,传统校园里的交通动线基本是以车行干道为主导、人行动线依附于两侧的。这样,虽然人员在校园内通行与活动的频率与范围都远大于车辆,其优先级却被排在了车之后。当“车行”逻辑凌驾了“人行”逻辑,一方面,灵活的双脚总要跟在车轮后面“绕远路”,降低了行人通行的效率和可达性;随时可能发生的人车混行又会降低舒适度和安全感。另一方面——更重要的是,师生们在校园里除了基本通行,还需要进行各种休闲和交流;而在被车道切割的校园里,这些空间又在哪?显然,这座校园需要一轮人、车优先级的调换。于是我们同校方协商,把校园核心区的一条主要机动车道彻底取消,把更多路权和活动、停留的自由还给师生。
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 发表于2019-07-11   |  只看该作者      

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传统校园里的交通动线基本是以车行干道为主导、人行动线依附于两侧的。

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