[分享]云南玉溪生态实验小学 | 思序设计

发表于2020-07-27     625人浏览     6人跟帖     总热度:704   等级:

"The power of architecture must be adapted to the force of nature. The purpose of architecture is always to create an environment where the power of architecture and the force of nature can coexist in contradiction."
——Tadao Ando 

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△ 校园于城市鸟瞰
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△ 建筑隐藏于城市界面

Origin | Background and Location

With the transformation of urban construction from incremental to stock, and the evolution of urban management from extensive to refined, topics such as "urban organic renewal", "reconstruction of existing buildings", "combined use of land", and "modification against natural construction" have become hot topics of discussion. The rapid development of the city’s road motorization and high-rise residential buildings have caused conflicts between the old campus and the new city. Yuxi Ecological Experimental Primary School is a design case in this context.

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△ 场地勘探时基地原始状态
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△ 地块高差与保留建筑示意图
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△ 学校改造前后基地卫星图对比

The base is located in the central area of Yuxi. The total area of the campus is 23,500 square meters. The terrain is low in the west and high in the east, and the terrain is extremely special. After first surveying the site, after climbing up the long and steep slope, an old school building amidst weeds was forgotten in the open space in front of the mountain forest. The mottled walls have been exposed to the sun and rain year after year. Continuing on the steep slope behind the teaching building, overlooking the city from a height, the architect has a belief in his heart-change and remodeling, so that this land will be reborn. "

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△ 孩子们在屋顶俯瞰
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△ 自然生态的校园空间

Break | Demand and Strategy

Adequate communication at the beginning of design is very important, sorting out requirements, analyzing problems, and matching strategies. After the integration of various questions, the design will then provide targeted answers. Resolving the height difference is not only the core problem of the case but also the idea of solving the problem. The move to solve the problem is to adapt measures to local conditions, integrating the resolution of height difference and protecting the ecology, and turning the unfavorable terrain into a campus space featuring natural mountains.

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△ 教学楼主体建筑解构示意

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△ 建筑与山体

The design goal is very clear, transforming abandoned teaching buildings, adding new teaching buildings, protecting the ecology, planting school needs, reasonable layout, and turning unfavorable terrain into a reasonable campus space. How to resolve the core problem of the project of height difference and ecological integration. The initial spatial focus of the design was not on the detailed functions of the teaching building, but the integration of the old and new buildings. The teaching building and the mountain environment were embedded to construct a new narrative experience of the campus space.

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△ 建筑与地势高差
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△ 空间的连接与穿梭

Coexistence | Architecture and Context

Since the buildings along the urban interface cannot be demolished, and the rebuilt and added school will show a new look, the final design is based on pure white and adopts a clean minimalist style. From a distance, the school seems to be a white castle retreated from the buildings along the street, hidden in the natural forest.

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△ 建筑主体改造前
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△ 建筑主体改造后

The original structure of the teaching building remains unchanged. It is beautified by adding wooden aluminum grilles to the facade, and decorative lines are added to the top frame and bottom of the building to make it unified with the new building style. The new building uses the rich vertical layers of the mountain to create an imaginative space. The old and new buildings are connected by a corridor, and the L-shaped courtyard landscape boundary is naturally combined with the movement of students. After class, the children's action space can be extended to the mountain area, which can trigger movement and infinite possibilities at all times.

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△ 城市界面新老建筑
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△ 教学楼建筑立面
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△ 课后,孩子们的行动空间扩展到山体区域
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△ 建筑与运动场地之间

The main entrance plaza of the campus is level with the road. Such a wide and spacious platform space allows parents to pick up and drop off their children. An extra plaza is also available to facilitate the rapid evacuation of people. Along the richly layered ramp up to the reception hall is a slope with an oblique angle of nearly 40 degrees. How to resolve the height difference of more than 4 meters at a depth of more than 10 meters?

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△ 学校改造前后基地卫星图对比

The design draws inspiration from the Jiuquhua Street in San Francisco, USA, and uses the curved and circuitous route length in exchange for space to slow down the slope of the streamline, and at the same time uses permeable asphalt on the ground to increase friction. Soon, you can see the children running up the winding ramp to the circular stop square in front of the school reception hall. The seasonal flowers and plants in the flower beds along the road and the characteristic sketch sculptures that you encounter from time to time add to the school environment. vitality.

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△ 人行入口九曲回廊
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△ 人行入口九曲回廊

Symbiosis | Aerial Playground and Forest Classroom

When arranging track and field fields and sports fields, not destroying the mountains and protecting the natural environment is the first priority; not changing the earthwork and trying to control costs is a requirement. Placing an track and field field on this site will further compress the originally limited space.

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△ 操场空间改造前
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△ 操场空间改造后

The design raised the playground, set up the cafeteria and parking lot on the lower level of the playground, and put the playground space on top, so as to effectively use the land and create more functional space. As a result, such an "air playground" with a 250-meter-long circular runway was formed. You can exercise on the playground closer to the sky, as if you can guess the white clouds by reaching out. Looking at the distant city, you have a wide and comfortable view.

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△ 宽阔的操场空间
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△ 建筑与山体的围合运动空间
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△ 抬高的操场

The woods next to the playground seem to be the entrance to another mysterious world for the children. As the steps climb up, every curious child can't help but step into this secret natural realm. The natural ecological scenery of mountain forest is the most infectious. The initial design goal was to integrate the building into the environment. The designer broke up the building to form a number of individual buildings, and placed them on the different elevations of the mountain, hiding them in the green ecological mountain. Over the years, the building will form a symbiotic relationship with the mountain: hiding in the rocky forest, it also appears from the green of the rock, looming.

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△ 林间多功能教室
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△ 教学楼隐匿与山林

Surrounded by an emerald green landscape, covered in an endless blue sky, the sun is shining brightly, and the vegetation is trembling slightly under the breeze. Children can always find their favorite "corner" in this green forest. The classroom extends from indoor to outdoor, in the shade of the trees, in the sun, in the breeze...

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△ 林间教室

Conclusion|Design Thinking

在城市不断更新迭变的发展进程中,校园一直以一种配套和附属的形象存在。对个人而言,校园是美好的青春回忆;对城市而言,校园是文化的精神象征。如何通过创新的设计打造一所美好的校园不仅关乎个人,更关乎城市美好的形象。 创造教育新名片不仅是口号,更是城市策略。
In the continuous development of the city, the campus has always existed as a supporting and attached image. For individuals, campuses are beautiful memories of youth; for cities, campuses are spiritual symbols of culture. How to create a beautiful campus through innovative design is not only about the individual, but also about the beautiful image of the city. Creating a new business card for education is not only a slogan, but an urban strategy.

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△ 孩子们在屋顶活动

The design focuses on the balance of quality and cost based on functional requirements, adheres to the pursuit of quality and the focus on the healthy growth of children, and combines urban renewal with campus reconstruction and expansion. From multi-level strategic thinking and comprehensive design implementation, it is extremely Greatly improve the utilization of land and space. With the renewal of old buildings, the improvement of functions, and the maintenance of nature, the vitality of the city is gradually awakening.

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夜幕降临,校园重回宁静。半山半校的玉溪生态实验小学安静的等待第二天师生的到来… …
As night fell, the campus returned to tranquility. The Yuxi Ecological Experimental Primary School, which is half a mountain, quietly waits for the arrival of teachers and students the next day...

▽ 项目技术图纸

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△ 区位分析示意

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△ 学校功能分层平面

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△ 建筑与山体剖面-1

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△ 建筑与山体剖面-2

▽ 项目基本信息

用地面积丨23500 ㎡
建筑面积丨13000 ㎡

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  • 奖励于 2020-08-01 22:21:54

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  • 发表于 2020-07-28     对现状建筑的保留,也是对场地的尊重。

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点评   豆浆珍猪  发表于  5楼   2020-07-28  建筑之力必须适应于自然之力,建筑的目的永远是创造一种能让建筑之力和自然之力在矛盾中共生的环境。”

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